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The bill prepared by the Secretary of 
R^'tern War for the reorganization and increase 

of the army has failed for the present ses- 
sion of Congress. Whether this means anything as to 
the final fate of the measure, or a similar one, cannot now 
be said. It has, according to the Washington correspond- 
ents, been shelved for political reasons, not because of 
Republican opposition to its provisions. The opposition 
among the people to an increase of the army is known 
to be so great that the party in power is afraid to go to 
the country with a record of having decided to make the 
army permanently greater. The honest thing to have 
done would have been just the opposite. If the men 
at Washington wish the army enlarged and propose to 
enlarge it provided they are returned, it is little short of 
downright dishonesty and deception to shove their pur- 
pose out of sight, go to the country and try to get elected, 
and then come back to enact their suppressed wish into 
law. The issue ought to be made squarely before the 
country. It is the people who must pay the expenses of 
an increased army and suffer the final evil consequences 
of it, and they ought to be fully consulted on the subject. 
No thoroughly honest and truly patriotic politician will 
wish them to be kept in ignorance of what is proposed 
to be done. Let the people everywhere beware of the 
delays and the covert methods of political militarism. 


... At the meeting of the Board of Directors of the 
American Peace Society on May 28, Hon. Robert Treat 
Paine, Joshua L. Baily of Philadelphia, Maria Freeman 
Gray of San Francisco, Leverett M. Chase of Boston and 
Benjamin F. Trueblood were appointed delegates to the 
Paris Peace Congress. All of them expect to attend. 

. . . The State Department has received assurances 
that make it practically certain that all the republics 
of the western hemisphere will take part in the Pan- 
American Conference to be held in Mexico next year. 

. . . The Hague Convention for the extension of the 
Red Cross to maritime warfare was ratified by the Senate 
on May 4. 

... "I think capital punishment a legal atrocity, a 
species of homicide incomparably more cruel than most 
private murders, since it inflicts death after long knowl- 
edge of death to come has multiplied its terrors for the 
victim. It is one of the most useless pieces of wicked- 
ness left in the world." — William Dean Howells. 

. . . Rev. Timothy Richards, who has been thirty 
years in mission work in China, said at the Ecumenical 
Missionary Conference, "We must* now change our 
standpoint from national to universal." 

. . . Rev. Charles M. Sheldon received five thousand 
dollars for his share of the profits of the Christian news- 
paper venture for one week at Topeka. He immediately 
gave one thousand dollars of it to aid the suffering in 
India, and the rest to various charities. 

... A Washington dispatch says that the arbitration 
of all disputes between American republics will be one 
of the principal features of the program to be considered 
by the Pan-American Congress which is to meet in the 
city of Mexico next year. The Administration plan con- 
templates a treaty establishing a court of arbitration to 
be composed of distinguished jurists from the several 
republics, and to which resort shall be voluntary as in 
the case of the court provided for by the Hague Con- 

. . . The Outlanders in the Coolgardie gold fields 
region of West Australia have sent a petition to the 
Queen, signed by upward of twenty-eight thousand per- 
sons, asking to be made a separate colony with a repre- 
sentative government. Their grievance is taxation with- 
out representation. 

... It is said that no armor in the world can withstand 
the new soft-nosed shell invented by an American naval 
officer. At the trial of it at Indian Head a six-inch naval 
rifle plugged a clean hole through a plate of Harveyized 
armor fourteen inches thick. Sequel : All the old war- 
ships out of date, and all the navies of the world to be 
rebuilt at enormously increased cost. 
..." My desire is to labor, in my measure, for such a 
union of minds and hearts as will, without destroying the 
actual diversity of religious institutions, destroy, or at 
least diminish, the elements of hostility connected with 
the diversity." — Ernest Naville. 

. . . "'Prevention is better than cure,' and I would 
rather help people to abstain from killing and wounding 
each other than devote the money to patch up their 
wounds after the battle," says Louise Maude, who pro- 
poses to give to the Doukhobortsi all the profits of her 
translation of Tolstoy's "Resurrection." 
. . . The Episcopal Recorder, referring to the depre- 
ciation of arbitration, by the English papers, since the 
Delagoa Railway award, says : " If there has been any 
real improvement of late years in the management of 
international relations, it has been marked by the resort 
to arbitration." 

. . . The Christian Register says: "We think Zola 
may be right when he says that the present crisis is war's 
death-cry. ' It is war killing war, war making further 
war impossible.' " 

. . . Madame WaszkleVicz, president of the Nether- 
lands' Women's League for International Disarmament, 
sends us copies of a report of an interview given the 
League by the Boer peace envoys on the 1st of May. 
In this interview they asserted solemnly that the Boers 
never wanted war, that they were forced into it, that 
conquest was totally absent from their thoughts, that 
they wished all the difficulties submitted to arbitration, 
and that they would disarm any moment that they were 
assured of their freedom and independence. 

. . . The Commission of the International Peace Bureau 
held its spring meeting at Berne on the 15th ult. The 
principal subjects considered were the Peace Exhibit and 
Congress at Paris, the Transvaal War and the ratification 
of the Hague Conventions. An appeal was sent out to 
all the powers represented at the Hague Conference, 
strongly urging them to offer mediation between Great 
Britain and the Transvaal. 




. . . The prospect of the early setting up of the per- 
manent international tribunal of arbitration steadily 
brightens. All three of the Hague Conventions were 
ratified by the Russian government on the 21st of May. 

. . . During the past year there have been over sixty 
suicides in the United States army, and about one thou- 
sand soldiers have been put into the military insane 
asylum at Washington. Why do not the glorifiers of 
war lift up their trumpets over these facts ? 

. . . Rousseau said that the love of mankind is nothing 
else but the love of justice. Love of justice, rather, is a 
part of the love of mankind, but love of mankind is the 
fundamental promoter of justice. 

... It has been estimated that war devoured not less 
than two thousand men per day in Europe during the 
terrible twenty-three years from 1791 to 1814. 

. . . The Supreme Court on April 30 entered a decree 
settling the old boundary dispute between Virginia and 
Tennessee. The old diamond line of 1803 was declared 
to be " the real, certain and true boundary." The com- 
missioners appointed by the two States were given au- 
thority to " ascertain, retrace, remark and re-establish " the. 
line, but were given no authority to locate any other 
line. The commissioners were William C. Hodkins of 
Massachusetts, James B. Baylor of Virginia, and Andrew 
H. Buchanan of Tennessee. 

. . . Twenty-one British war correspondents have 
been killed or have died of disease during the war in 
South Africa. The London Daily Mail alone has had 
ten put out of service by death or illness. 

. . . The Conference of the Independent Labor Party 
at Glasgow, Scotland, on Easter Monday and Tuesday, 
declared vigorously by resolution against war, militarism, 
conscription, and particularly against the war in South 
Africa. The chairman, Mr Keir Hardie, declared that 
the annexation of the two republics after the war would 
be " robbery writ large." 

. . . Consul-General Mason at Berlin has written that 
Germany proposes to advance greatly her duties on im- 
ports, especially on those coming from the United States. 
German merchants attribute the great increase in our 
foreign commerce to our tariff, and think that German 
foreign trade would be benefited by a similar system. Mr. 
Mason is of opinion that friendly relations between this 
country and Germany would be much strengthened by 
" an intelligent revision of obsolete treaties and their ad- 
justment to modern requirements and conditions." 

. . . Russia has leased a site for a coal depot and naval 
hospital at the treaty port of Masampho, in Korea. The 
port is open to navigators of all countries, and the Rus- 
sian storage of supplies within the site leased is to be 
governed by the existing treaties. No exclusive right 
has been ceded to the Russian government. 

. . . The sixth annual conference on international ar- 
bitration at Lake Mohonk, N. Y., will be held, on the 
invitation of Mr. Albert K. Smiley, on the 6th, 7th and 
8th of June. A large number of invitations have been 
sent out and it is expected that the attendance will be 
large. We shall give an extended account of the Con- 
ference in our next issue. 

Annual Meeting of the American Peace 

The Seventy-second Annual Business Meeting of the 
American Peace Society was held in Tremont Temple, 
Boston, on May 9. The meeting was not largely attended, 
but it was unusually full of interest and enthusiasm. 
The members felt that, in spite of the growth of the 
spirit of imperialism and of militarism, and the deplorable 
misfortune of the wars in South Africa and the Philip- 
pines, the year has shown substantial and encouraging 
gain for the cause of international arbitration and the 
ultimate federation and peace of the world. The course 
which the Advocate of Peace has taken in its criticisms, 
not only of war in the abstract but of the particular wars 
now in progress, and of the policies and dispositions out 
of which they grew, received the cordial and unanimous 
approval of the members "present. The financial condi- 
tion of the Society received serious attention, and the 
hope was entertained that its members and friends 
everywhere throughout the nation would generously 
supply the deficiency in its resources caused by the tem- 
porarily diminished income of the permanent fund held 
in trust for its work. 

The meeting was called to order at two o'clock by 
Hon. Robert Treat Paine, the president of the Society. 

Prayer was offered by Rev. S. C. Bushnell of Arling- 
ton, Mass. 

Hon. L. H. Pillsbury of Derry, N. II., was chosen 
secretary for the meeting. 

The records of the last annual meeting were read and 

A letter of greeting was read from Rev. S. Hopkins 
Emery of Taunton, Mass., a vice-president, who has been 
connected with the work of the Society for over sixty 

All the officer's chosen at the previous annual meeting 
were reported to have accepted their appointment, except 
one named for vice-president. 

The chair appointed Rev. S. C. Bushnell, B. Schlesinger 
and Nathaniel T. Allen a committee to bring forward 
names of persons to serve as officers the ensuing year. 

The report of the treasurer was then read, approved 
and ordered to be placed on file. The report showed 
receipts during the year, including balance from last 
year of $5,487.77, expenditures of $5,410.10, with a 
balance of 177.67 in hand. The assets and liabilities 
account showed a net indebtedness of $1,349.22. 

The auditor reported that he had examined the 
accounts of the treasurer and found them correctly kept 
and properly vouched. 

After extended discussion of the finances and of the 
serious diminution in the income of the permanent fund 
held in trust for the Society, it was voted that the 
trustees of the fund be requested seriously to consider 
the advisability of an early sale of the real estate on 
Beach and Albany Streets, Boston, on which the build- 
ings have run down, and a reinvestment of the proceeds 
thereof in more productive securities, or of such other